In 1955 Mr. Ing. Karel Hartl made the first attempt, though unsuccessfully, to breed the wolf Brita with a chosen German Shepherd Dog (GSD) at the Libejovice breeding station. The first successful crossbreeding between the wolf and a GSD named Cesar z Brezoveho haje was in May 1958. The pups were born on 28th May 1958. Brita was once again mated with a GSD, this time Kurt z Vaclavky, and from this mating came the second line of Czech Wolfdogs.
The third line is also from Bohemia. The wolf was Argo and his offspring with the GSD Asta z SNB were born in a police kennel in Bychory. From then forward, dogs crossbred between the lines were given the abbreviation "CV" (Czech Wolfdog in Czech).
In the 1970's most of the crossbred dogs were transferred to a new breeding station nearby in Malacky (part of the frontier guard in Bratislava). The best breeding dogs were hampered by the Iron Curtain. The Slovakian breeders weren't under such a strong pressure to produce dogs for the Army. They could therefore devote the breeding to the exterior of the new breed. The greatest merit for the development of the breed in the Slovak Republic is due undoubtedly to Frantisek Rosik.
In Malacky, the third wolf to enrich the breed was the wolf, Sark. In 1974 he was mated with the third generation bitch Xela z Pohranicni straze and the bitch Urta z Pohranicni straze (from the second line). By this time the abbreviation "CV" was omitted and they got the name Czechoslovakian Wolfdog (in all other languages except English, which tend to refer to the dogs in abbreviation as Czech Wolfdogs).
The last increase of the gene pool was the crossbreeding the wolf Lady with the GSD Bojar von Schotterhof in Libejovice in the southern Bohemia. The pups were born on the 26th of April 1983. Kazan z Pohranicni straze from the mating was used directly in the breeding of the Czech Wolfdog. Since then only pure-bred Czech wolfdogs were used in the breed (closed population).
Since the beginning of the crossbreeding, civilian breeders have had the Czech Wolfdog, but they couldn't get recognition of their dogs. The problem was the Cynologic Organization in Czechoslovakia. They had refused to recognize a breeders club and enrollment of the pedigree. In 1982 they gave up and officially recognized Czechoslovakian Wolfdogs as a breed, thanks to Mr. Ing. Karel Hartl who had fought for this recognition.
In 1982 the first 43 pups were enrolled in the pedigree in Praha. During the next ten years (from 1982 to 1991), 1552 pups were enrolled.
Note: This is not the official text of the F.C.I. standard. It has been translated to English and modified for better understanding.
Origin: Czechoslovak Republic
Patronage: Slovak Republic
Classification F.C.I.: Group 1 (Sheep- and Cattle Dogs)
Section 1 (Sheepdogs) with Working Trial.
Firm type in constitution. Above average size with rectangular frame. In body shape, movements, coat texture, colour of coat and mask, similar to the wolf.
Lively, very active, capable of endurance, docile with quick reactions. Fearless and courageous. Suspicious, yet does not attack without cause. Shows tremendous loyalty towards his master. Resistant to weather conditions. Versatile in his use.
Symmetrical, well muscled. Seen from the side and from the front above, it forms a blunt wedge. Sex should be unmistakable.
Dry, well muscled. In repose forms an angle degreed to the horizontal. The neck must be sufficiently long for the nose to touch the ground effortlessly.
Harmonious, mobile and "groundwinning" trot, during which the legs are being moved as close as possible to the ground. Head and neck are kept close to vertical. Ambling pace then pace.
Elastic and tight without folds. Unpigmented.
Height and weight
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered as faults, and the seriousness with which the faults should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
|1||Hlava-oblast mozková||Head-cranial region||Kopf-Oberkopf|
|2||Hlava-oblast obličejová||Head-facial region||Kopf-Gesichtsschädel|
Czechoslovakian Wolfdog breed history and standard contributed to -The Wolf Dunn- by Pavel Hanuska.
Pavel is the owner of two Czechoslovakian wolfdogs, maintains two personal webpages devoted to wolfdogs, as well as the official website of the Club of Czechoslovakian wolfdogs in Praha.
Nancy Seda Eminence Pavel's female wolfdog
Hoky Pavel's male wolfdog
Club of Czechoslovakian wolfdogs in Praha the Club's website
To contact Pavel, e-mail ( firstname.lastname@example.org ) with 'Czech Wolfdogs' as subject.
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